The Wilanow Palace in Warsaw

Wilanow Palace in Warsaw

Wilanow Palace in Warsaw ©EazyIanish/Flick

The Wilanow Palace is a royal palace located in the Wilanow district of Warsaw. The palace survived the division of Poland and both world wars keeping its authentic historical qualities and becoming one of the most important monuments of the Polish culture

The Wilanow Palace and the city park is not only a priceless testimony of the splendor of the past of Poland, but also a place of concerts and cultural events. Beginning with the year 2006 the palace is a member of the International Association of European royal residences.

 

The construction of the Wilanow Palace

The Wilanow Palace in Warsaw was built by the Polish King John III Sobieski in the last quarter of the 17th century and was later extended by other homeowners. The palace represents the characteristic suburban residence type in baroque style built “entre cour et Jardin”, that means: between the yard and the garden. Its architecture is original. It is a merger of European art with old Polish building traditions. The antique symbols on the elevations and in the interior of the palace glorify the Sobieski family, especially the military triumphs of the king.

After the death of John III Sobieski in 1696, the palace was owned by his sons and later by families of famous tycoons.

Wilanow Palace in Warsaw

Wilanow Palace in Warsaw ©jakub.szestowicki/Flick

The foundation of the museum

In the year 1805 the owner of the Wilanow Palace in Warsaw was Stanisław Kostka Potocki, who turned one of the wings of the building in a museum. It was one of the first public museums in Poland. Besides the European and the Oriental art, in the central part of the palace could be seen a commemorative exhibition of King John III Sobieski and the glorious national past.

The structure of the Wilanow Palace

The structure of the Wilanow Palace was designed by Augustyn Wincenty Locci. The architecture of the palace is a unique blend of different styles of construction. It was built like the Polish mansions of the aristocracy with side towers, as a suburban style Italian villa and a French palace “entre cour et Jardin” with two elongated wings on each side of the “cour d’honneur”. The most prominent Polish and foreign artists participated in the decoration of the palace.

Wilanow Palace in Warsaw

Wilanow Palace in Warsaw ©EazyIanish/Flick

The garden of the palace

The garden was an integrate part of the Wilanow Palace in Warsaw almost from the beginning. Initially it had a character of an Italian baroque garden in a semicircle surrounding the palace from east. Nowadays the garden has a rich vegetation, winding paths and waterfalls.

The garden of the Wilanow Palace in Warsaw

The garden of the Wilanow Palace in Warsaw ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flick

 

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