Tourist guide to Zamosc

The Town Hall in Zamosc

The Town Hall in Zamosc © Kasia/Flick

Zamosc is a unique city, built in a meticulous manner and full of symbols. Since its origins, heralded a modern conception, namely that a city can be considered a true body built after the human model. According to this theory, it is said that the founder and architect planned the positioning of buildings in the city to imitate the human plane: the Palace is the “head”, the city college academy symbolizes the “lungs”, the city hall is the “heart” and the spine is the famous main street of the city, the Grodzka.

If you want to know more about this interesting city, read our tourist guide to Zamosc.

The private city of Jan Zamosky

The Old Town of Zamosc is on the UNESCO World Heritage list, mentioning that Zamosc is “a unique example of a Renaissance town in Central Europe, built in accordance with the Italian theories of the ideal city, on the basis of a plan that was the result of a perfect cooperation between the open mind of the founder Jan Zamoyski and the renowned architect Bernardo Morando”.

The Old City of Zamosc

The Old City of Zamosc ©Kasia/flick

Zamosc is a typical Renaissance city, founded in the middle of the sixteenth century by Jan Zamoyski, a nobleman who wanted to have a “private city”. In Zamosc still can be seen fortifications, buildings and the traditional vintage look. The city distinguished by its unique architecture. This is the result of a mixture of Italian and central European architectural traditions.

The main tourist attractions in Zamosk

The two symbols of the city are the Zamosc Square and the Town Hall, an edifice built in baroque style. On the central square you will find the Zamosc Museum, which regularly hosts impressive art exhibitions and illustrates the interesting history of the city in an attractive manner through portraits and paintings depicting the founders of the city and its evolution.

The Town Hall in Zamosc

The Town Hall in Zamosc © Kasia/Flick

The category of the popular museums of the city includes the Arsenal Museum and the Hebrew Museum, housed in a synagogue dating from the eighteenth century. In the old town of Zamosc you will also find the Palace, surrounded by walls and bastions, being opened as a museum for tourists.

In the past, Zamosc was often attacked because of its wealth, so it was surrounded by walls and fortifications and seven bastions which were arranged in a star shape, typical for medieval times. Nowadays from this complex defenses are preserved only two gates: the Lvov Gate and the Lublin Gate. According to history, thanks to this well-tuned system, the settlement was never conquered by any invading army in the medieval period.

The Fort in the Old City of Zamosc

The Fort in the Old City of Zamosc ©PolandMFA/Flick

However, in the Second World War, many residents were massacred by Nazi troops. In memory of those killed was built an impressive commemorating monument, called the Rotonda, which in the past was an extermination camp of German troops.

 

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